Foto: Roma, Il Foro di Traiano, 2021-22; in: Riccardo Nofi / Instagram (2021-22).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2022. Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360. S.v., Prof. Arch. Pier Luigi Tucci [recensione di], “Roberto Meneghini” (2021); in: Histara-les comptes rendus / France (28/07/2022). Anche: Roma, Foro di Traiano – Materiali d’archivio integrativi (1997-2022).

RARA 2022. E. Bianchi & R. Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360; S.v., F. di Traiano - Materiali d'archivio (1997-2022).
Foto: ROMA – Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360.

1). ROMA – Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360.

Questo libro illustra i risultati degli scavi realizzati dal Comune di Roma sull’area del Foro di Traiano fra il 1991 e il 2007. In particolare il volume descrive le strutture murarie superstiti del monumento rimesse in luce durante le campagne di scavo di quegli anni nel settore centro meridionale di esso. La parte iniziale del libro presenta una storia degli studi recenti e le ipotesi ricostruttive del complesso prima dei nuovi scavi. Il secondo e il terzo capitolo analizzano nel dettaglio i resti dei settori del Foro scoperti durante i nuovi scavi in corrispondenza della piazza e del suo limite meridionale sino all’adiacente Foro di Augusto. Il quarto capitolo contiene lo studio del sistema fognante e idraulico del monumento mentre il quinto esamina il complesso dei bolli laterizi rinvenuti durante le indagini. Il capitolo conclusivo offre spunti e osservazioni sulle scoperte anche alla luce degli studi preliminari effettuati su di esse.

RARA 2022. E. Bianchi & R. Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360; S.v., F. di Traiano - Materiali d'archivio (1997-2022).
ROMA – Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360.

This book illustrates the results of the excavations carried out by the Municipality of Rome between 1991 and 2007 on the area of the Forum of Trajan. In particular, the volume describes the surviving wall structures of the monument discovered in the central southern sector. Long version:This book illustrates the results of the excavations carried out by the Municipality of Rome on the area of the Forum of Trajan between 1991 and 2007. In particular, the volume describes the surviving wall structures of the monument brought to light during the excavation campaigns in the central southern sector. The introductory section presents a history of recent studies and the reconstructive hypotheses of the complex before the new excavations. The second and third chapters analyse the remains of the sectors of the Forum discovered during the new excavations in correspondence with the square and its southern boundary adjacent to the Forum of Augustus. The fourth chapter contains the study of the sewerage and hydraulic system of the monument, while the fifth examines the brick stamps found during the investigations. The concluding chapter offers insights and observations on the discoveries in light of the preliminary studies carried out.

RARA 2022. E. Bianchi & R. Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360; S.v., F. di Traiano - Materiali d'archivio (1997-2022).
ROMA – Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360.

— Elisabetta Bianchi è archeologa, funzionario presso la Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali del Comune di Roma. Dal 2000 al 2007 ha preso parte allo scavo dei Fori Imperiali. Ha pubblicato oltre cinquanta saggi scientifici sulle tecniche costruttive di età imperiale e sulla produzione di laterizi bollati rinvenuti negli edifici antichi di Roma e ha curato due volumi sulla Cloaca Massima.

— Roberto Meneghini è stato funzionario Archeologo presso la Sovrintendenza ai Beni Culturali del Comune di Roma e ha coordinato o diretto gli scavi archeologici nell’area dei Fori Imperiali dal 1991 al 2021. Ha scritto e curato numerosi libri e pubblicato molti saggi scientifici sui Fori Imperiali nell’antichità e nel medioevo.

Fonte / source:
— Elisabetta Bianchi & Roberto Meneghini (ed.) / BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360.
https://www.barpublishing.com/il-foro-di-traiano-nellantichita.html
https://doi.org/10.30861/9781407360034

RARA 2022. Arch. P. L. Tucci; review of "Roberto Meneghini, Il Foro di Traiano nel Medioevo e nel Rinascimento. Scavi 1998-2007"; 2021; in: Histara-les comptes rendus / France (28/07/2022).
Foto: Camera con vista, Foro di Traiano [all’inizio del XX secolo?]; in: Pier Luigi Tucci, Twt (29/11/2021); in: RARA (2022) [11/2021].

2). ROMA – Prof. Arch. Pier Luigi Tucci [review of / recensione di], “Roberto Meneghini, Il Foro di Traiano nel Medioevo e nel Rinascimento. Scavi 1998-2007. No. S3059 / Oxford: BAR Publishing (2021): Pp. 238”; in: Histara-les comptes rendus / France (28/07/2022).

ROME – Prof. Arch. Pier Luigi Tucci [review of / recensione di], “Roberto Meneghini, Il Foro di Traiano nel Medioevo e nel Rinascimento. Scavi 1998-2007. No. S3059 / Oxford: BAR Publishing (2021): Pp. 238”; in: Histara-les comptes rendus / France (28/07/2022).

** Note: Below is an extract of Prof. Arch Tucci’s peer-review article, the review is published in full text on the French journals website. **

** Nota: Di seguito è riportato un estratto dell’articolo di “peer review” del Prof. Arch Tucci, la recensione è pubblicata a testo integrale sul sito web delle riviste francesi. **

ROME – “In the vast complex of the Imperial Fora, for a long time the Forum of Trajan (AD 107 – 112) has been the best archaeologically known component because it was first touched in 1811-14 by the French digs, then by the excavations of the first half of the 20th century and, after 1998, by the archaeological campaigns of the Sovrintendenza.

As his short bio reveals, until 2021 the author of this book was Director of the Ufficio Fori Imperiali of the Municipality of Rome and took advantage of his own investigations conducted since the 1980s. His monograph, undoubtedly the peak of his scholarly career, consists of three chapters written in Italian (with English summaries) and four appendices. It presents what the author has already published in previous articles and books (e.g. Meneghini 1992, 1993 and 1999; Santangeli Valenzani – Meneghini 2007, 151-158; Meneghini 2009, 193-251) and aims at offering a complete picture of the Forum of Trajan in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

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ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Foro di Traiano / Scavi 1998. Veduta delle “Oliere” del convento di S. Urbano nella cantina XIX, torna in luce dopo la demolizione di una scala moderna. Foto: Fabrizio Delussu (1998) / Facebook (09/03/2017).
Foto: Roma, I Fori Imperiali, 1998: Foro di Traiano / Scavi 1998. Veduta delle “Oliere” del convento di S. Urbano nella cantina XIX, torna in luce dopo la demolizione di una scala moderna. Foto di: Dott. Fabrizio Delussu (1998) / Facebook (09/03/2017).

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However, the analysis focuses on the medieval church of Sant’Urbano and the remains of few houses located in the middle of the Forum square. The subtitle mentions the 1998-2007 excavations but does not clarify that the volume does not cover the entire Forum. Only the author’s introduction reveals that the investigation is limited to the “sectors covered by gardens in the middle of its southern part” (p. xvii), that is, just the 11% of the Forum’s surface.

The plan of the neighbourhood in the 18th century (Fig. 1.9, adapted from Ercolino 2013, pl. C) shows how much of Trajan’s monument has been left untouched. The Renaissance remains have been overlooked as well (they were demolished during the course of the latests digs) and, unfortunately, the author has not included the 2016-2020 excavation of a further sector of the Forum (more below), thus dismissing Santangeli Valenzani’s claim that this work is a “definitive contribution on the topic” (from the back cover).”

Fonte / source:
— Prof. Arch. Pier Luigi Tucci (2022); in: RARA 2022 (28/07/2022).
https://wp.me/pbMWvy-30Q

RARA 2022. E. Bianchi & R. Meneghini (ed.), Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità I risultati degli scavi 1991-2007. BAR INTL., SERIES No. 3097. Oxford: BAR PUBLISHING (2022): Pp. 360; S.v., F. di Traiano - Materiali d'archivio (1997-2022).
Foto: Roma, I Fori Imperiali (1999/2009); in: Eva Benard, “JUBILE` 2000: LES GRANDS CHANTEIRS DE ROME,” Archeologia [France] n. 368, (June 2000): 42-51; & Roberto Meneghini (2009 & 2007).

3). ROMA – Roberto Meneghini, Il Foro di Traiano nell’Antichità, Medioevo, Rinascimento & Moderna (1998-2022) = “Una Piaga dell’Archeologia Italiana: Gli Scavi Inediti”; in: RARA 2022 (23/11/2022).*

‘…The author’s purpose [Prof. Giuseppe Lugli] is best described in his own words (p. xvi): “To give an exact and methodical account of each monument, to describe its building periods, its architectural and artistic features, in order to bring the reader into direct contact with the structure and serve as a guide for its examination.”…’

Prof. Giuseppe Lugli (Italian archaeologist), in:
Prof. C. A. Raleigh-Radford [– Review of–], Prof. Giuseppe Lugli, ‘Roma Antica: Il Centro Monumentale.’ Rome: Bardi editore (1946), pp. 1-632, JRS 37., 1 & 2 (1947): 216-17.

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  • = Paolino Mingazzini, “Una piaga dell’archeologia italiana: gli scavi inediti.” Athenaeum: studi periodici di letteratura e storia (01/1946): p. 75 of pp. 75-81.

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ROME – Dr. Roberto Meneghini – the Director of the Office of the Imperial Fora of Rome & the Forum of Trajan (1996-2022); in: RARA 2022 (23/11/2022).

Having followed the scholarly work of Dr. Roberto Meneghni and his work in the Forum of Trajan now for the past 25 years 1997-2022 (first, in print published materials: monographs, guidebooks, scholarly articles & Italian newspaper reports & secondly, since early 1999 onwards: various Internet and later social media resources) etc.

Although Dr. Meneghini’s professional Italian and foregin scholarly peers consider Dr. Meneghini a creditable scholar for his work on the Forum of Trajan (= Antiquity thru the Modern Era), since the late 1980s thru the present 2022, which is largely based on the various Italian and International peer-review articles discussing his work so forth.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA - I Fori Imperiali / Il Foro di Traiano: Cantiere di scavo del Foro di Traiano (1998-1999).
Foto: Rome, the Forum of Trajan (1998-99): View of the excavations in the Forum of Trajan in 1998-99 & Rome – The Imperial Fora / Trajan’s Forum – the New Excavations, the City of Rome (1998-99); in: RARA 2022 (26 May 2008).

While, Dr. Meneghini maybe be a creditable scholar; have followed his work on Trajan’s Forum and the Imperial Fora in general, and as well as the similar works of his fellow Italian & International peers, since the mid-1980s onwards (both officially published resources and or unpublished resources and later located by myself via long-term internet searches) = largely thesis work undertaken by Italian university students in Rome and throughout Italy, since the late 1990s onwards: Italian Archaeologists and more so by Italian Restoration-Architects etc.

Unfortunately, as for Dr. Meneghini’s work, I don’t agree with the more than flattering and or charitable professional opinions of many of his foreign peers i.e., numerous peer-review articles published largely in the various British scholarly journals, published since the mid-2000’s until now.

Frankly, Dr. Meneghini’s overall quality and quantity of his published works on the Forum of Trajan and the Imperial Fora since the early 200os onwards, have the following rather similar and continuous unprofessional characteristics of being: inaccurate, unreliable and impractical research materials for Italian scholars, university students and independent researchers; as well as being out-dated and poorly available published and or online resources for the Romans & Italians interested in the Imperial Fora for educational purposes and or the Italian general public visiting the site itself.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Silvana Rizzo, (17 July 1998), in: “Riaffiora l'inconscio di Roma - Cantine del ‘600 nascondano ancora I Fori Imperiali.” l'Unità (17 July 1998): 9 [in PDF].
Foto: Roma, I Fori Imperiali – Il Foro di Traiano (17 July 1998) & Dr. Silvana Rizzo, in: “Riaffiora l’inconscio di Roma – Cantine del ‘600 nascondano ancora I Fori Imperiali.” l’Unità (17 July 1998): 9 [in PDF].

As far Dr. Meneghini’s overall lack of quality of his published works on the Forum of Trajan & the Imperial Fora in his numerous monographs, scholarly articles and guidebooks. These references general consist of the same recurring problems, as pointed out by many of the foreign professional peers, more so recently by a number of German Scholars / peer-reviews =

— Abstracts: translated into English or German from Italian – poorly written / sloppy as if original Italian text was translated via Google Translator.

— English or German Text: Poor spelling and incorrect use of proper equivalent English and or German Terms.

— Bibliographical Resources and References: the selective / limited use and or redundant listing of those works only endorsed by Dr. Meneghini. Either failure to recognize and or utilize other professional references to highlight the overall: construction, architecture and history of the Forum of Trajan and the other Imperial Forums from Antiquity to the present. Much of what research that Dr. Meneghini has published on the Forum of Trajan and the other Imperial Fora, since the early 2000s to the present; is simply redundantly published over and over! Likewise, re-utilizing the same text, photographs and general plans in one work from to another.

— General plans, sections & elevation drawings and photographs: As the archaeological investigations and architectural surveys progressed in the Forum of Trajan, 1998-2001 and the follow up work conducted since 2002 thru to the present.

Rome - Temple of Divine Trajan (1995-2011): Nei Fori riappare il Tempio di Traiano. Riappare non lontano dal Foro e dalla Colonna di Traiano.  Il Messaggero (02/09/2011), p. 1 & 31.
Foto: Roma, Il Foro di Traiano, 2011: “Nei Fori riappare il Tempio di Traiano. Riappare non lontano dal Foro e dalla Colonna di Traiano il Tempio che il successore Adriano dedicò all’imperatore e alla moglie Plotina, entrambi divinizzati dopo la morte.” Il Messaggero (02/09/2011), p. 1 & 31.

Dr. Meneghini’s work has focused largely on the disproving of the construction, architecture and history of the Temple of Divine Trajan, 1997 onwards; likewise also solely focusing on the history of the transformation of the Forum of Trajan in the Medieval Era.

The same can be said for his later narrow or and selective research and work on the Imperial Forums, as the Archaeological Director of the Imperial Forums (early 2000s thru 2020? [= when Dr. Meneghini replaced the former Director in the early 2000s?: Dr. Silvana Rizzo, it is not officially known]; nor who replaced Dr. Meneghini, as the current Director?).

The various General plans, sections & elevation drawings and photographs of Dr. Meneghini’s work on the Forum of Trajan, has not been properly published; this is largely due to the fact work (excavations and architectural surveys) in the Forum of Trajan and elsewhere in the Imperial Forums, May 1999 thru January 2000) was rushed to meet the deadline of the official opening of the Imperial Forums for the Rome, Jubilee Year 2000 (in late Dec. 1999 & early Jan. 2000).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Roma – I Fori Imperiali. Lo Scavo Del Foro Della Pace | Zona B (10/1999), & Foto & Stampa (1 di 63) & Prof. M. Ghilardi, "Trasformazioni del paesaggio urbano: il Templum Pacis (2006)."
Foto: Rome, the Imperial Fora & the Forum of Peace (Oct. 1999): Italian archaeologists excavating the basement substructures of the former Renaissance era residential block of the Alessandrina Quarter overlying the ‘Zone B’ / Forum of Peace [= the site of the underlying numerous Medieval burials]; in: Photo by Barbara Alper/Getty Images (Oct. 1999).

Here again, during Dr. Meneghini’s tenure as the Archaeological Director of the Forum of Trajan & the Imperial Forums, in early 2000s onwards; no new information = General plans, sections & elevation drawings and photographs have not been properly published in detail on the architectural remains of the Alessandrina Quarter late 16th thru early 1920s (surviving ground floors, basement or cellar walls and cellar flooring) unearthed in the Forum of Trajan, Forum of Caesar and the Forum / Temple of Peace in 1998 thru early 2000.

What few General plans, sections & elevation drawings and photographs exist of the architectural remains of the Alessandrina Quarter, recovered in 1998-99; much of this ‘Unknown Work’ was undertaken by several Italian Architectural-Restoration Scholars, Archaeologists and University students; here again which was selectively undervalued and ignored by Dr. Meneghini in his later work on the Forum of Trajan and Imperial Fora, from the early 2000s onwards.

Furthermore, as for photographs of the architectural remains of the Alessandrina Quarter, recovered in 1998-99; myself, I have had to rely largely on photographs taken during the course of the excavations by Romans, Italians and foreign visitors at the Imperial Fora; and later published years later on the various Internet sites and or now social media resources.

ROMA 2022. Scavi dei Fori Imperiali, 2019-23: 1). P. Baldassarri, Il Tempio di Traiano & Pal. Valentini; P. L. Tucci, Il Tempio Della Pace; & L. Ungaro, I Fori & Mercati di Traiano (2019-22). 2). R. Meneghini, Il Templum Pacis 1998-2015 (2023).
Foto: Roberto Meneghini & Antonella Corsaro (ed.), Scavi dei Fori Imperiali – Il Templum Pacis (1998–2015). Rome Studies 2; Publishers: Turnhout, Belgium (Feb. 2023): Pp. 228.

As of today, late Nov. 2022. Dr. Menghini is in the process of publishing in the near future several new work on the Imperial Forums =

The Foro di Cesare, 1 (forthcoming?) =
— Roberto Meneghini & Claudio Parisi Presicce et al. (eds), Foro di Cesare, 1: Gli Scavi del Foro di Cesare (1998-2000). Rome Studies; Publishers: Turnhout, Belgium.

The Foro di Cesare, 2 (forthcoming?) =
— Jan K. Jacobsen, et al. (eds.), Foro di Cesare, 2: I materiali ceramici dallo scavo del 1998-2000. Rome Studies; Publishers: Turnhout, Belgium
.

— Roberto Meneghini & Antonella Corsaro (ed.), Scavi dei Fori Imperiali – Il Templum Pacis (1998–2015). Rome Studies 2; Publishers: Turnhout, Belgium (Feb. 2023): Pp. 228.

With exception of the two future volumes on the Foro di Cesare, 1 &2 (forthcoming); as for Dr. Meneghini’s new work on the “Il Templum Pacis (1998–2015)”; one has to wonder why this new volume will be published, when considering the recent start of a new series of excavations in the north-east corner of the Forum of Peace / bordering along the Forum of Nerva (Spring 2022 onwards)?

RARA 2021: DR. ANTONELLA CORSARO et al.,"Scavo Archeologico nel Settore Nord-Orientale Del Foro Della Pace / Largo Corrado Ricci." ROMA CAPITALE (20/05/2021) [in PDF]. Foto: Dr. Cristina Cumbo, "Roma - SS. Cosma e Damiano, 2018." Instagram (17/06/2021).
Foto: DR. ANTONELLA CORSARO & DR. ARCH. PIERO GIUSBERTI, “Scavo Archeologico nel Settore Nord-Orientale Del Foro Della Pace / Giardino in Largo Corrado Ricci.”; in: ROMA CAPITALE / Direzione Generale (20/05/2021 [10/06/2021]) [in PDF].

As for the recent excavations in the Forum of Trajan / the Via Alessandrina (2015-2022); here again as of late 2022, this work undertaken by the Office of the Imperial Fora has not been properly published? Here again, what is known about the Forum of Trajan / the Via Alessandrina excavations (2015-2022), one has to rely largely on the information made available online by Italian independent researchers.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA. “ReinvenTIAMO Roma” & “FORI: RITROVATA TESTA DI STATUA DI ETÀ IMPERIALE,” in: Virginia Raggi / LA SINDACA INFORMA / COMUNE DI ROMA  (01/06/2019): pp. 4 & 5 [PDF].
Foto: Roma, Foro di Traiano / Via Alessandrina (06/2019); in: “ReinvenTIAMO Roma” & “FORI: RITROVATA TESTA DI STATUA DI ETÀ IMPERIALE,” in: Virginia Raggi / LA SINDACA INFORMA / COMUNE DI ROMA (01/06/2019): pp. 4 & 5 [PDF].

As for Dr. Meneghini’s soon to be published work on the Temple of Peace (2023) and the future Forum of Caesar, 1 & 2 (forthcoming); hopefully all of these works will be properly edited & published in a more professional manner; as well as useful for the interested reader: Romans & Italian scholars, university students, independent researchers and general published as well as the international researder…We will have to wait and see?

RARA 2022.  Domiziano Imperatore - Odio e amore. La mostra dedicata a Domiziano, l’ultimo imperatore della gens Flavia (13/07/2022 - 29/01/2023). Sovrintendenza Capitolina & Leiden, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (07/2022)
Foto: Il Foro di Traiano & “Domiziano Imperatore – Odio e amore. La mostra dedicata a Domiziano, l’ultimo imperatore della gens Flavia” (13/07/2022 – 29/01/2023). Roma, Sovrintendenza Capitolina & Leiden, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (07/2022).

In the meantime, also interesting to note: the ‘La Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali’ of the City of Rome, which is responsible for the Office of the Imperial Fora and the Office of the Markets of Trajan (= the Museum of the Imperial Fora). In 2008-09, the ‘Sovrintendenza Capitolina’ made available online the then new website for the Imperial Fora =

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Home » Patrimonio » Roma antica » Aree archeologiche » Fori Imperiali. Roma: ‘La Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali’ (2008-09) [11/2022].

https://sovraintendenzaroma.it/i_luoghi/roma_antica/aree_archeologiche/fori_imperiali

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Also see:

Dr. E. Bianchi & Dr. M. Milella (ed.), ROMA – I FORI IMPERIAL – GLI SCAVI (1997-2000). COMUNE DI ROMA (Oct. 2000 thru July 2009).
The City of Rome’s former webpage on the Imperial Fora (Oct. 2000 thru late 2009) / Now archived as a PDF document, pp. 1-18 (2009 [11/2022]).

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Since 2008-09 until today (late Nov. 2022), the information on the ‘Sovrintendenza Capitolina’ website on the ‘Fori Imperiali’ = the site’s prehistory, the subsequent construction of the five individual Fora (46 B.C. thru 125 A.D.), the architectural design and artistic elements of each individual Fora complex etc.
The ‘Fori Imperiali’ online general information has not been updated in the past 14 years.

ROMA - I FORI IMPERIALI. The Recent Archaeological  Investigations and Related Studies (1995 – 2007). "Fori Imperiali, gli ultimi Tesori - Dalla preistoria al Rinascimento, tutti i ritrovamenti dagli scavi. La Repubblica (20.10.2007, pg. 5) {sec. 1 of 2}.
Foto 1: Rome, the Imperial Fora (1997-2007); in: Francesca Giuliani,” Fori Imperiali, gli ultimi Tesori – Dalla preistoria al Rinascimento, tutti i ritrovamenti dagli scavi.” La Repubblica (20/10/2007): 5.


Here again, the lack of providing the general public in Rome and the Italian visitors with updated information on the ‘I Fori Imperiali’ by the ‘La Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali’ and the Office of the Imperial Fora (= former Director Dr. Roberto Meneghini). According to numerous personal discussions with various Italian scholars, university students and independent researchers who have worked in the area of the ‘I Fori Imperiali’ in the last 20 years or so! The ‘La Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali’ inability to provide the general public in Rome and the Italian visitors with new and useful information on the Area Fora seems to be the standard norm or acceptable general practice among the staff members of the ‘La Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali’ and the Office of the Imperial Fora!

ROMA - I FORI IMPERIALI. The Recent Archaeological  Investigations and Related Studies (1995 – 2007). "Fori Imperiali, gli ultimi Tesori - Dalla preistoria al Rinascimento, tutti i ritrovamenti dagli scavi. La Repubblica (20.10.2007, pg.5) {sec. 2 of 2}.
Foto 2: Rome, the Imperial Fora (1997-2007); in: Francesca Giuliani,” Fori Imperiali, gli ultimi Tesori – Dalla preistoria al Rinascimento, tutti i ritrovamenti dagli scavi.” La Repubblica (20/10/2007): 5.

For new & updated information and useful published (or now online) resources for the Forum of Trajan in Rome: the archaeological investigations and the architectural surveys, 1997-2022. As well as important Italian archive materials (= scholarly & newspaper articles, conference papers, related reports & Italian and foreign university students thesis’ [in electronic format: photographs & PDF’s]) on the past history of the studies, excavations and urban planning on the Forum of Trajan, c. late 18th century thru early 1970s onwards. See the following online eleven individuals albums as listed here below:

— RARA 2022 (24/11/2022).


Rome, the Imperial Fora / Forum of Augustus (22/12/2004): The Via Alessandrina and the presentation of the new excavations in the area of the Forum of Augustus. © Claudio Melissari / EIDON (2004).

RARA 2022: 2.2 & 7.1 thru 7.10). Forum of Trajan – The Temple of Trajan, Column, Basilica Ulpia & Markets [= Museum of the Imperial Fora]; the ‘Alda Fendi’ Project; Palazzo Valentini / Domus Romanae; Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali; Via Alessandrina Excavations & METRO C] (1995-2022, 1928-34 & 1907-12): the Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA e RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA: Jeremy Hartnett, Marketing Trajan at the Museo dei Fori Imperiali. AJA 122.4 (Oct. 2018): 1-6 [in PDF], s.v, R. Meneghini | L. Ungaro (2018) & Arch. P. Martellotti / Arch. B. Baldrati (1999-2002).

— RARA 2020: 2.2). The Markets of Trajan & Museum of the Imperial Fora (1995-2022) & (1928-34): the Excavations, Restorations, Systemization, Exhibitions & the Visitor Center of the Imperial Fora.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020. ROME / OSTIA: The Architectural Reconstruction by Arch. Italo Gismondi (1910s thru 1941) in: F. Cantelmi (2020); E.  J. Shepherd (2005) & P. Monaghan (1997); comments by I. Gismondi c/o J. E. Packer (2020).

— RARA 2022: 7.1). Forum of Trajan, Basilica Ulpia, Temple of Trajan, Fendi Project & Via Alessandrina (1995-2022 & 1928-34): the Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

Rome - the Forum of Trajan (2004-07): the Forum of Trajan / Basilica Ulpia / Palazzo Roccagiovine - Alda Fendi Foundation (Sponsor) / SSBAR / Istituto Centrale per il Restauro (2004-07).

— RARA 2022: 7.2). Forum of Trajan, Basilica Ulpia & the ‘Alda Fendi’ Project (1995-2022 & 1928-34): the Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

ROMA 2022: Palazzo Valentini - Lo spettro dei licenziamenti tra gli scavi archeologici: è allarme per i lavoratori della Domus Romane. ROMA TODAY (02/02/2021). S.v., Corriere Della Sera (15/05/2021) & Il Giornale Dell’ Arte (01/02/2022).

— RARA 2022: 7.3). Forum of Trajan / Temple of Trajan & Palazzo Valentini / Domus Romanae & Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali (1995-2022 & 1932-34): the Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

Rome, the Piazza Venezia: The Metro 'C' Archaeological Surveys (2006-2009) & The Archaeology / Infrastructure Conference (MIBAC/SSBAR 10.21/22.2009).

— RARA 2022: 7.4). Forum of Trajan / Temple of Trajan & Palazzo Valentini & METRO C (1995-2022): Excavations & Restorations – Supplementary Information.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020. Aggiornamento: Gli studi, gli scavi, i rilievi architettonici e la sistematizzazione della Colonna e del Tempio di Traiano (2013-20). S.v., A. Delfino, "Foro di Traiano," ScAnt 21.3 (2015): 219-252 [in PDF].

— RARA 2022: 7.5). Forum of Trajan & Column of Trajan (1995-2022, 1930-34 & 1907-12): Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

RARA 2022. Temple of Trajan in Rome (2017-21):  “La topografia dell’area a nord del Foro di Traiano Atti della Giornata di Studi Roma. Roma (30 gennaio 2020)” & “Via Alessandrina Excavations” (2016-21); in: BCom 122 (2021): 79-230 & 343.

— RARA 2022: 7.6). Forum of Trajan, Basilica Ulpia & the Via Alessandrina [= Dr. Arch. Federico Celletti] (1995-2022 & 1930-34): Excavations, Restorations, Systemization & Exhibitions.

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA - I FORI IMPERIALI / BASILICA ULPIA - TAV. 02 - Progetto di sistemazione e allestimento dei magazzini della Basilica Ulpia. Caterina Bigatton (et. alli.), La Sapienza (2007-08), Tav. I-XXIV.

— RARA 2022: 7.7). Forum of Trajan / Basilica Ulpia (1995-2022): Dr. Arch. Caterina Bigatton, & Restoration, Systematization & Museumization of the Basilica Ulpia & Thesis / La Sapienza University (2007-08).

Rome, Forum of Trajan: The Architectural and Sculptural Elements Discovered During the Excavations (1998-2008).

— RARA 2022: 7.8). Forum of Trajan / Basilica Ulpia & Museum of Imperial Fora (1995-2022): Excavations & Studies of the Colored Marble Architectural Elements & Artistic Decorations.

Giulio Testori. ROMA, L’AREA ARCHEOLOGICA CENTRALE, IDEE, TRASFORMAZIONI E FRAMMENTI DI PROGETTO (Aprile 2007). Presentazione delle tesi di laurea in architettura di Giulio Testori. Iuav Università degli studi di Venezia, Aprile 2007.

— RARA 2022: 7.9). The Forum of Trajan / Via dei Fori Imperiali (1995-2022): Dr. Arch. Giulio Testori, & ROME – MAIN ARCHAEOLOGICAL AREA – PROPOSALS, TRANSFORMATIONS AND PROJECT’S FRAGMENTS & Thesis / IUAV University of Venice (Apr. 2007).

ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA / STAMPA ESTERA - CLOACA MASSIMA e GRANCHIO IMPERIALE: "Has a New Ten-Legged Species Evolved Beneath Rome?" © BLOG di Scientific American, USA (14/06/2012).

— RARA 2022: 7.10). Forum of Trajan / Basilica Ulpia (1995-2022): Excavations – Colony of Freshwater Crabs living in the Ancient Drains of the Forum of Trajan (2006-11).

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