ROMA ARCHEOLOGICA & RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020. Update – the recent archaeological surveys in ‘Roma / Regione VII., Il Tempio di Traiano’ & the Via di S. Eufemia 13 at the Spanish School of Archaeology in Rome (2019-20) (06/2020).
Aggiornamento – Le recenti indagini archeologiche presso la Regione VII., Il Tempio di Traiano e la Via di S. Eufemia 13 a Roma della Scuola Spagnola di Roma (2019-2020) (06/2020).
ROME – In the new edition of the Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma. 120, 2019 (2020); in the section on: “Relazioni su scavi, trovamenti, restauri in Roma e Suburbio 2017-2019”. (1). There is a brief notice of recent archaeological surveys conducted at the site of the Spanish School of Rome on the Via di S. Eufemia 13; located directly across from the north-eastern side of the Palazzo Valentini (or formerly the site of the Temple of Divine Trajan), see:
— Relazioni su scavi, trovamenti, restauri in Roma e Suburbio 2017-2019: Regione VII. Via di S. Eufemia 13. Ritrovamenti archeologici nella Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma di Antonio Pizzo, Massimo Vitti. BCom 120 (2019).
The recent archaeological surveys conducted at the site of the Spanish School of Rome was brief presented at the following conference in Rome in late January 2020, (2)., see:
— LA TOPOGRAFIA DELL’AREA A NORD DEL FORO DI TRAIANO. Giornata di studio. Rome, the Auditorium dell’ Ara Pacis (30 January 2020) (3).
Likewise, a month earlier in late December 2019; the recent work at the Palazzo Valentini was discussed & presented in a You-Tube video by: Dr. Paola Baldassarri (Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale), “L’area a Nord della Colonna Traiana e il Tempio dei divi Traiano e Plotina : riflessioni in merito alle indagini di Palazzo Valentini.” Conférence – Topographie et urbanisme de la Rome antique, Caen, France (11-13 Dec. 2019) (4).
— Also see: Paola Baldassarri (2016), “Indagini archeologiche a Palazzo Valentini. Nuovi dati per la ricostruzione del tempio di Traiano.” RM 122, pp. 171-202 [in PDF]. (Abstract in English) (5).
More recently sometime in early to mid 2020, Dr. Antonio Pizzo of the Spanish School of Rome briefly published a small summary of the recent archaeological surveys undertaken in the basement substructures of the Spanish School of Rome, entitled:
— Dr. Antonio Pizzo, “Arqueología de la Arquitectura. Arqueología de la Construcción Romana. Topografía y Urbanismo de época romana. Metodología de la investigación arqueológica.” LÍNEAS Y PROYECTOS DE ARQUEOLOGÍA E HISTORIA ANTIGUA. CSIC / La Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma (EEHAR). ROME (2020). https://www.eehar.csic.es/lineas-proyectos-arqueologia/ (accessed June 2020).
Below is a vague translation Spanish-to-English of Dr. Antonio Pizzo article with the accompanying three photographs from the article; with the exception two other photographs cited in the brief notice on the recent excavations and restorations of the Spanish School on Rome Via di S. Eufemia 13 in = “Historia EEHAR / La Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma (EEHAR) (2020) (6). Dr. Antonio Pizzo’s original text in Spanish was translated in English by myself (Martin G. Conde) and only a few changes were made in the grammatical context for the English language reader.
— Dr. Antonio Pizzo, “Architecture / Archeology. Archeology of Roman Construction. Topography and Urbanism from Roman Period. Archaeological Research Methodology.” CSIC / La Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma (EEHAR). ROME (2020).
PROJECTS – Antonio Pizzo, Architectural and urban analysis of the archaeological remains preserved in the EEHAR [= the Spanish School of Rome].
During the renovation phase of the new EEHAR headquarters, a series of archaeological structures from various periods were discovered in one of the basements of the building. After the first preliminary excavation(s), an exhaustive study of the remains has been carried out for two years. This study has revealed the extraordinary importance of what is preserved in the EEHAR due to the presence of different historical phases that have been possible to read after the stratigraphic studies. The main historical phases analyzed can be summarized in the following points:
— A first structure from the republican era.
— Republican-era structures formed by a large foundation probably belonging to a first funerary building.
— Construction of a columbarium in the Augustan period.
— Destruction of the columbarium and construction of a large building with materials similar to the forums of Augusto and Nerva.
— Construction of a building from Trajan’s era and in phase with the major remodeling of the northern area of the Forum of Trajan [or the Imperial Fora].
The importance of the remains due to the ancient topography of the area of the Imperial Forums and a first presentation of results at a recent congress held at the Auditorium of the Ara Pacis [= LA TOPOGRAFIA DELL’AREA A NORD DEL FORO DI TRAIANO. Giornata di studio. Rome, the Auditorium dell’ Ara Pacis. 30 January 2020] discussing the new findings in this area of the city; thus having a better understanding of the updated archaeological / architectural survey methodologies (e.g., stratigraphic analysis of elevations, new graphic surveys with Scanning 3D technology) with the series of the recent results, utilized in the particular area of the city of Rome, as attributed to the series of historical patterns associated with the archaeological remains.
The archaeological evidence recorded in the elevations testify to the evolution and transformation of an almost unknown sector of Rome, here at the site of the EEHAR, and now adding to the scientific debate of the last several years relating to the Temple of Divine Trajan in Rome. The presence of various historical stages and, above all, the discovery, among the remains, of a funeral monument in an area so close to the nerve center of the administrative and political machinery of Rome has opened a new reflection on the transformations of the limits of the city in the different historical periods.
The findings made in the basement of the EEHAR may offer, in the future, after new analyzes, fundamental data in the context of the reconstruction of the urban landscape of such an emblematic area. With these premises we believe it is necessary to expand the investigated area and we propose new archaeological investigations that allows the range of data to be available, and resolve questions relating to the recent studies, and above all, the recently discovered archaeological remains below the EEHAR headquarters now becoming a new element in archaeological debate on one of the most representative areas of ancient Rome.
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1). Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma. 120 (2019) . L’Erma di Bretschneider, (2020). http://184.108.40.206/index.php?pg=SchedaTitolo&key=00013619
2). For a brief overview of the recent studies of the Forum – Temple of Trajan (2015-20), see:
— Claudia Ilacqua, “Il Templum Traiani a Roma: la ricerca di un ‘fantasma’ archeologico.” Archeologia Online – Archeomedia – Rivista, 2020 (21/06/2020).
Also see by Claudia Ilacqua (2020):
— Claudia Ilacqua, “Il Templum Traiani a Roma: la ricerca di un ‘fantasma’ archeologico.” Archeologia Online – Archeomedia – Rivista, 2020 (21/06/2020) [in PDF]; Dr. Claudia Ilacqua, Academia.edu (2020).
— Dr. Claudia Ilacqua, Il Templum Traiani a Roma: la ricerca di un ‘fantasma’ archeologico. Thesis (abstract) – Università` Cattolica Del Sacro Cuore, Milano (2017-18), in: Dr. Claudia Ilacqua, Academia.edu (2020).
3). ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA E RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020: Update – The Forum and Temple of Trajan in Rome (2018-20): “L’evidenza archeologica ha dimostrato che il tempio c’è.” With New Comments & New Information Courtesy of Prof. James E. Packer (18 March 2020), https://wp.me/pbMWvy-5t (18 March 2020).
4). See: Note 3 above.
5). See: Note 3 above; along with: Prof. James E. Packer, with John Burge (2003), “TEMPLUM DIVI TRAIANI PARTHICI ET PLOTINAE: a debate with Roberto Meneghini.” JRA 16, pp. 109-136 [in PDF].
6). “Roma – 2014-2015 Descubrimiento y excavación de las estructuras romanas situados en uno de los sotános de la EEHAR,” Historia EEHAR / La Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma (EEHAR) (2020).
https://www.eehar.csic.es/historia-eehar/ (accessed June 2020).
Cover photograph foto / fonte / source:
— Angelo Giordano, “ROME – MORNING,” in: Skypixel (25/04/2020).
— ROME, the Palazzo Valentini and the Spanish School of Archaeology in Rome along the Via di S. Eufemia, in: GOOGLE / MAPS / EARTH (2020).
— For a detailed online collection of recent and historical research materials relating the studies of the Forum and Temple of Trajan in Rome (1995-2020), please see:
ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA E RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020. PART 1 – “ROME – THE IMPERIAL FORA: SCHOLARLY RESEARCH & RELATED STUDIES 1995-2020,” in: FLICKR (August 2006-20) / Updated (25-26, May 2020). https://wp.me/pbMWvy-hI
Part. 1 / Section 7). ROMA ARCHEOLOGIA E RESTAURO ARCHITETTURA 2020: The Forum of Trajan / the Column, Markets and Temple (1995-2020): the Excavations, Restoration & Systemization of F. of Trajan (1995-2020) & (1928-34); And the Metro C Archaeological Surveys (2010-20) (05/2020).
— Along with a detailed online collection of recent and historical research materials relating the studies of the Forum and Temple of Trajan, the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali Building [Roman Domus 1st thru 5th century A.D.,] and the Athenaeum di Adriano archaeological surveys, also see:
— Part. 1 / RARA 2020: 9.5). The Metro C Project and the Archaeological Excavations, Architectural Surveys and Historical Studies in Rome (2005-2020): Piazza Venezia – The Victor Emmanuel II Monument & the Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali Building (05/2020).
— Part. 1 / RARA 2020: 9.8). The Metro C Project and the Archaeological Excavations, Architectural Surveys and Historical Studies in Rome (2005-2020): Piazza Venezia / Pz. Madonna di Loreto Station – Franesco Ciresi, Donatella Mighela & Antonio Lopez Garcia. Thesis / La Sapienza (2009-10) (05/2020).
— Part. 1 / RARA 2020: 9.9). The Metro C Project and the Archaeological Excavations, Architectural Surveys and Historical Studies in Rome (2005-2020): Dr. Antonio Lopez Garcia, the F. di Traiano, Athenaeum di Adriano, Pz. Venezia / Pz. Madonna di Loreto Station (2010-20) (05/2020).